Ambazonia Independence Project
The Ambazonia Independence is more than three decades of a struggle for the freedom of Ambazonia. After Ahmadou Ahidjo had illegally changed the form of the state from a federation to a unitary state in 1972 in violation of the Federal Constitution that had itself been forced on the people of Southern Cameroons (Ambazonia) (note that the federal constitution provided that the form of the state was not subject to change), Paul Biya proceeded in 1984 to enact law that abolished the unitary state, a change from United Republic of Cameroun to Republic of Cameroun. It is important to note that the name “Republic of Cameroun” is the name of the part of Cameroun that was mandated by France, totally excluding the Southern Cameroons (Ambazonia) that was mandated by Britain. That is the name that this part of Cameroun that was mandated by France had at its independence and was admitted to the United Nations as in 1960, at a time when the Southern Cameroons was still under British rule. Fon Gorji Dinka, a legal luminary of the Ambazonia Independence Project, interpreted this reversion as an act of secession by the Republic of Cameroun from the relationship between Southern Cameroons and the Republic of Cameroun. In fact, he referred to the nomenclature law as the “Cameroun Restoration Law 84/01” that dissolved the illegal merger of Southern Cameroons and the Republic of Cameroun on October 1, 1961, and thereby restored the sovereignty of Southern Cameroons (Ambazonia) de jure. In reaction, Fon Dinka would publish The New Social Order and later The Revolt of Ambazonia, erstwhile referred to as The Rebellion of Ambazonia (I have attached two documents that should be added and hyperlinked to this The New Social Order and The Rebellion of Ambazonia respectively). In this pamphlet, he posited and foresaw that Ambazonians will rise and demand the enforcement of their sovereignty from the Republic of Cameroun.
The arrest, detention and torture of Fon Dinka by the government of the Republic of Cameroun for this legal interpretation of the law and the publishing of the pamphlet in 1985 led to the “Dinka Riots” in which Ambazonians rose and demanded the freedom of Fon Dinka. The Ambazonia Revolt truly had begun, and continues today in different fronts and forms as the Ambazonia Independence Project or Ambazonia Independence Revolution.
With the government of the Republic of Cameroun resorting to such acts of brutality and continuing her plundering of the resources in Ambazonia while leaving the territory undeveloped, more than 5,000 Ambazonians gathered in Buea from 2nd to 3rd April 1993 in the All Anglophone Conference (AAC I). This conference led mainly by the Cameroon Anglophone Movements (CAM) issued the Buea Declaration I that called for a return to the federal form of the state. The government of the Republic of Cameroun ignored the submission. Consequently, Ambazonians again gathered in Bamenda the following year in the All Anglophone Conference II (AAC III) and produced the Bamenda Proclamation in which Ambazonians decided that because the government of the Republic of Cameroon is (and is) not interested in resolving the issues legal, historical, territorial improvements and human development of the Southern Cameroons, the people of Ambazonia would henceforth demand and stand for the independence/sovereignty of the Southern Cameroons (Ambazonia). This is the cause for which the different freedom movements of Ambazonia stand.