German: 1888 to 1914
Thirty years later, in 1887, Britain transferred the settlement to Germany. Four years earlier, in 1884, Germany had proclaimed a protectorate over mudflat area some 100 miles to the east. Following the British session, Germany from 1888 onwards slowly extended its imperial control from its original Kamerun protectorate to the contiguous territory that would later be known as the Southern British Cameroons. At the onset of the First World War in 1914, however, British-led forces from neighboring Nigeria to the west overran areas that included the Victoria settlement which Britain had ceded to Germany in 1887. The 1913 Anglo-German Treaty territorially defined the international boundary between Nigeria and the Southern Cameroons, which subsequently emphasized in a 1954 British Order in Council.