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Pre-European Expedition

Pre-European Expedition History

Ambazonia as many other lands in Africa embodied numerous autonomous collection of families – that later formed tribes – most being hunters and farmers before the European expedition of the territory began in 1472. Hanno from Carthage in present-day Tunisia is the first explorer to report that in 500BC he saw the Mountain in Buea, Mt. Fako, in the Southern Zone of the Ambas Bay. In the centuries that followed, the slave trade would become part of the Ambazonian ancient history as slaves are transported by expeditors from North Africa exploring South of the Sahara to northern Africa. Between 200 to 100BC, the first tribes of the Bantu, mainly nomads and farmers needing much land for agriculture, migrate westward into Ambaland.

In 1472, the Portuguese led by Fernando Po reach the Douala in present-day La Republique du Cameroun. Seeing many prawns in the River Wouri, which is not in Ambazonia, the Portuguese name the river, “Rio dos Camarões” – River of Prawns – from which the name of the Republic of Cameroun derives. As trade in slavery expands, the Europeans cross from Camarões through the River Mongo into the Ambas Bay – Ambazonia – that presents unique qualities, namely, fertile ground for large scale agriculture and access to the Atlantic Ocean for the transportation of slaves and goods. Thus, in 1520, some Portuguese started the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and plantation agriculture in the Ambas Bay. In the 1600s, the Dutch dominate the Portuguese in the slave trade and in the 1700s, British Missionaries enter the Ambas Bay and demand an end to slavery. The London Baptist Missionary Society creates a Christian Center in Victory, called Limbe today.

Slaves from Jamaica, Ghana, and Liberia are freed in Victoria in the Ambas Bay – making Ambazonia the Land of Freedom in Africa.

The Europeans abolish slavery several years before the Americans in 1863, but illegal trading continues. In 1858, Alfred Saker, an English navy Engineer and missionary funds the first European settlements in Victoria. In the blessed land of Ambazonia, he sees financial prosperity in the settlements and convinces the government of England to make it a crown territory. Slavery finally gives way in the Land of Freedom in Africa (Ambaland) and is replaced by trading in natural resources such as palm oil, ivory, and gold from across the entire Ambazonia homeland of autonomous tribes or villages headed by fons or chiefs, each with a strong cabinet that served the common good of the land. The palaces of the fons and chiefs represented power, unity, and service in the tribe.